The Fascinating World of Weather Folklore and Sayings

Published on: May 11, 2023
Written by Shaown Khan / Fact-checked by Kader Khan

Throughout history, humans have looked to the skies in search of signs and wisdom to help them better understand and predict the weather. Long before the advent of modern meteorology, people relied on a rich tapestry of weather folklore and sayings to navigate the world around them. This article explores the origins of these fascinating sayings and the cultural connections that have shaped them.

Weather Folklore

Weather folklore can be broadly categorized into three types: observational sayings, seasonal sayings, and weather predictions and superstitions.

Types of Weather Folklore

  1. Observational Sayings: These sayings are based on the appearance of the sky, clouds, or other natural phenomena. They often provide a way to predict short-term weather changes.
  2. Seasonal Sayings: These sayings pertain to the general characteristics of specific seasons, often including predictions about the severity of the upcoming season.
  3. Weather Predictions and Superstitions: These sayings are based on beliefs and superstitions that certain events or occurrences can foretell changes in the weather.

The Role of Animals in Weather Folklore

Animals have long played a central role in weather folklore, with the behavior of certain creatures believed to predict changes in the weather. Examples include the famous Groundhog Day and the legend of Punxsutawney Phil, as well as the wisdom of observing birds, bees, and livestock.

Famous Weather Sayings

Some of the most well-known weather sayings have withstood the test of time, such as:

  • “Red sky at night, sailor’s delight”: A red sky at sunset is often a sign of high pressure and stable air coming in from the west, which usually means good weather ahead.
  • “March comes in like a lion, goes out like a lamb”: This saying is based on the idea that March typically begins with harsh, winter-like weather but ends with milder, spring-like conditions.
  • “When the wind is from the west, then the weather’s at its best”: Westerly winds often bring mild and pleasant weather, as they typically originate over the ocean and have a moderating effect on temperatures.

Seasonal Folklore

Each season has its own unique weather folklore, offering wisdom and guidance for those willing to listen.

Springtime Lore and Sayings

  • “April showers bring May flowers”: A reminder that the rainy days of spring are necessary for the growth of beautiful flowers in May.
  • “If the first week in April is foggy, rain in June will make lanes boggy”: This saying implies that foggy weather in early April may lead to a wet and muddy June.
seasonal folklore

Summer Weather Wisdom

  • “Dog days bright and clear, indicate a happy year”: The dog days of summer (typically from early July to mid-August) are often associated with hot, sultry weather. A bright and clear dog days period is considered a sign of a prosperous year ahead.
  • “A swarm of bees in May is worth a load of hay”: This saying emphasizes the importance of honeybees as pollinators and the impact they have on agricultural productivity.

Autumn’s Atmospheric Aphorisms

  • “A warm October, a cold February”: This saying suggests that a mild and warm October might be followed by a particularly cold and harsh February.
  • “When the leaves fall early, fall and winter will be mild; when they fall late, winter will be severe”: According to this saying, the timing of leaf fall can predict the severity of the upcoming winter.

Winter’s Whimsical Weather Words

  • “A green Christmas, a white Easter”: This saying implies that a snowless, mild Christmas could be followed by a snowy, cold Easter.
  • “If there’s ice in November that will bear a duck, there’ll be nothing after but sludge and muck”: This saying warns that an early cold snap in November may be followed by a wet and muddy winter.

Moon and Weather Folklore

The moon has long been associated with weather predictions and folklore.

The Influence of the Moon on Weather Predictions

  • “Clear moon, frost soon”: A clear sky during a moonlit night often indicates the likelihood of frost, as heat easily escapes into the atmosphere without cloud cover to insulate the earth.
  • “A halo around the moon means rain or snow is coming soon”: A ring or halo around the moon is caused by the refraction of light through ice crystals in high-altitude clouds, which often precede a weather system bringing rain or snow.
moon and weather folklore

Moon Ring Sayings and Superstitions

  • “A ring around the moon, and it will rain real soon”: As mentioned earlier, a moon ring indicates an approaching weather system, and this saying suggests that precipitation is imminent.
  • “If the moon shows a silver shield, be not afraid to reap your field”: A bright, clear moon without a halo is seen as a sign of good weather, indicating that it’s safe to continue with agricultural tasks.

Folklore from Around the World

Weather folklore and sayings vary across cultures, reflecting the diverse landscapes and climates found around the globe.

Native American Weather Folklore

  • “If the first thunder of the year is from the east, the summer will be dry”: This Native American saying suggests that the direction of the first thunderclap of the year can predict summer weather patterns.
  • “When the spiders spin their webs before sunset, expect a dry night”: Native American wisdom teaches that spiders often build their webs during periods of calm, dry weather.

European Weather Traditions

  • “St. Swithin’s Day, if thou dost rain, for forty days it will remain”: This English saying is based on the belief that the weather on St. Swithin’s Day (July 15) will persist for the following 40 days.
  • “When ladybugs swarm, expect a day that’s warm”: Ladybugs are known to gather in large numbers when warm weather is on the horizon, inspiring this European saying.

Asian Weather Wisdom

  • “A wind from the south brings rain in its mouth”: In many parts of Asia, winds from the south are associated with warm, moist air and the likelihood of rain.
  • “Three foggy mornings, one rainy day”: This Chinese saying implies that consecutive foggy mornings often lead to rain.

African Weather Lore

  • “When the sun rises white, rain is in sight”: In some African cultures, a pale or white sunrise is believed to indicate the approach of rain.
  • “A clear sky at dusk means a fine day tomorrow”: This African saying suggests that a clear sky in the evening is a harbinger of good weather the following day.

The Science Behind the Sayings

While many weather sayings are rooted in observation and experience, not all are scientifically accurate. However, some do have a basis in meteorology, and understanding the science behind these sayings can help us appreciate their enduring wisdom.

the science behind the sayings

The Art of Weather Storytelling

Weather folklore has inspired countless poems, ballads, and stories throughout history, capturing the imagination and serving as a testament to the enduring connection between humans and the natural world.

Modern Applications of Weather Folklore

While technology has revolutionized the field of meteorology, weather folklore still holds a special place in our hearts and minds. In some cases, folklore can even complement modern forecasting methods.

When Folklore Meets Technology

Some weather apps and websites now incorporate weather folklore alongside scientific predictions, offering a unique blend of traditional wisdom and cutting-edge meteorology.

The Role of Folklore in Weather Education

Weather folklore can serve as a valuable teaching tool, sparking curiosity and interest in meteorology, geography, and the natural world. Educators can use these sayings to help students engage with and understand the complexities of weather and climate.


The world of weather folklore and sayings is a rich and varied tapestry of human experience and wisdom, reflecting our deep connection to the natural world. As we continue to unravel the mysteries of the atmosphere, these sayings offer a window into the past and a reminder of the enduring charm of folklore in our understanding of the world.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is there any truth to weather folklore?

While some weather sayings are rooted in observation and experience, not all are scientifically accurate. Many do have a basis in meteorology, and understanding the science behind these sayings can help us appreciate their enduring wisdom.

Are There Any Weather Folklore Sayings That Have Been Debunked or Misconstrued?

Yes, many weather folklore sayings have been debunked or misconstrued over time. For example, the belief that a woolly worm’s color can accurately predict the upcoming winter has been found to be unreliable. Similarly, the idea that cows lying down means rain is coming has also been dismissed by experts.

How did weather sayings originate?

Weather sayings often originated from the need to predict and understand weather patterns before the advent of modern meteorology. People relied on their observations of the natural world, as well as cultural beliefs and superstitions, to navigate the world around them.

Why do different cultures have different weather folklore?

Weather folklore varies across cultures due to the diverse landscapes, climates, and cultural beliefs found around the globe. Each culture’s unique experiences with weather have shaped their folklore and sayings.

Can weather folklore be useful for predicting the weather today?

While modern meteorology has surpassed folklore in accuracy and reliability, some weather sayings still hold value as general guidelines or reminders of weather patterns. In certain cases, folklore can complement scientific predictions, offering a unique perspective on the world around us.

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